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Daikon Minovashi is a variety that only experienced gardeners prefer. The reason is that the plant is able to develop only when the daylight hours are waning. With early planting, the root crop will certainly go to the arrow.
A late-ripening vegetable must be planted in the ground in the second half of summer, which disrupts the usual rhythm of agrotechnical work.
Breeding history of the variety
Daikon is a type of radish and radish. However, unlike them, it has no specific bitterness. Japan is considered the homeland of the root crop. There, the daikon is in first place in terms of crop area.
In Russia, culture has not received such a spread. However, some gardeners grow a vegetable. Daikon Minovashi is one of the few popular varieties. In 2005, the Avista company applied for the registration of Minovashi. And since 2007, the variety has been included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Description of daikon Minovashi
The length of the root crop of the Minovashi variety reaches 60 cm, and in diameter - 10 cm. The root weight reaches 1.5 kg. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, tapering towards the tip. The foliage in the outlet is located vertically upward, the outer one tilts towards the ground. The leaves are dissected, dark green with a gray tint, medium size.
The flesh of the Minovashi root vegetable is juicy, tender, dense. There is no such thing as porous and loose. The taste is sweetish. The skin is thin, white, green near the base.
Attention! Daikon leaves of the Minovashi variety are used for making salads.
Characteristics of the variety
The Minovashi daikon variety is recommended for cultivation in all regions of the country. Late ripening variety. The biological maturity of fruits occurs approximately 70-75 days after sowing the seeds. But you can not wait for this period, but use the daikon 7-10 days earlier. In order for a vegetable to have a long storage period, it must fully ripen, its taste is preserved for up to six months.
Attention! The seeds of the early-ripening daikon Minovashi are on sale, which has a fruit ripening period of 50 days, the length of the root crop is up to 40 cm.
There are also other "doubles" of the variety.
According to the varietal characteristics of the Minovashi daikon, from 1 sq. m harvest up to 13 kg. After harvesting, the fruits are shaken off the ground, dried a little and transferred to a dark place. Favorable storage temperature 0-5 ° C. Shelf life 2-3 months.
Disease and pest resistance
In case of improper farming practices, the Minovashi daikon suffers from the following bacterial diseases:
- vascular and mucous bacteriosis;
To cope with the infection and remove it from the garden, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs, such as Planriz, Binoram.
Among the pests that pose a real danger to the root crop, it is worth highlighting slugs, cabbage fly, cruciferous flea, garden scoop, aphids. You can fight parasites with the help of laundry soap, a low-concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, hot red pepper and other folk methods. Or resort to bioinsecticides in the form of "Bitoxibacillin", "Aktofit", "Lepidocide". They should be used according to the attached instructions.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The Minovashi daikon has the following positive qualities:
- early maturity;
- the possibility of planting a daikon after the previous batch of vegetables has already been harvested;
- excellent taste;
- valuable mineral composition of the root crop;
- lack of increased requirements in the growing process;
- environmental friendliness, the vegetable does not accumulate harmful substances.
Now about the disadvantages. Firstly, it is low frost resistance. An air temperature of + 10 ° C and below will be considered unfavorable for the Minovashi variety daikon. Secondly, long daylight hours. As a result, the root crop blooms and loses its valuable taste. The vegetable is planted in early spring or late summer.
Planting and caring for the Minovashi daikon
Growing a daikon is as easy as growing another vegetable. The difficulty lies only in the right time for planting. It all depends not even on the climatic features of the region, but on the weather conditions on the day of disembarkation. It is important that the vegetable goes to the root and does not begin to bloom.
There are spring and summer planting of daikon.
In the spring, planting vegetables is best as early as possible. You should not be afraid of cold weather, the seeds will survive even severe frosts. However, the fruit of the spring daikon cannot be stored for a long time. It, like radishes, should be consumed after ripening. Also, this vegetable is more prone to shooting. For greenhouse cultivation, it is better to arrange planting at the end of March or in the first days of April. For open ground, the time shifts a little - the last week of April or the beginning of May.
In summer, the Minovashi variety is planted from early July to early August. Usually root vegetable seeds are sown in the beds after dill, green onions, lettuce. The plus of summer planting is that there are fewer pests during this period, and such a vegetable is capable of long-term storage. However, the root crop may not have time to grow to its maximum size.
Attention! Minovashi daikon seeds are selected for a specific planting period.
Garden bed preparation
It is advisable to choose a sunny site for a daikon. When growing a plant in the shade, the foliage will be thin and long, and the root crop itself will be small, clumsy. The beds where tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, and onions were previously grown are well suited. Radish and cabbage will not be the best predecessors. The Minovashi daikon variety is undemanding to the composition of the soil. The only thing is that it is harder to pull out a ripe vegetable from dense soil.
Preparing the site for planting a daikon consists in digging up the soil that has been previously fertilized. For 1 sq. m you need:
- humus with a volume of 10 liters and 200 g of wood ash;
- 10-15 g of potassium sulfate and urea;
- 20-30 g nitroammophoska.
Attention! Experienced gardeners advise not to ignore this stage, since the land is depleted, it has already yielded its harvest.
With this mineral complex, the soil is fed, restoring reserves that have been consumed.
Having decided on the timing of planting the Minovashi daikon, you should proceed to the direct process of planting and care after.
- Grooves are formed on the bed at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, with a depth of 3 cm.
- Water the ground with warm water and wait for complete absorption.
- The seeds of the Daikon Minovashi variety are planted every 20 cm.
- Sprinkle with earth and tamp a little.
- For faster germination, the site is covered with film or agrofibre.
- After 5-6 days, the shelter is removed.
Advice! It is not necessary to water the seeds from above, they are already in a humid environment.
Further measures for caring for a vegetable crop are regular watering, loosening, weeding.
Daikon of the Minovashi variety should be watered regularly and moderately. The lack of moisture makes it bitter, dry and harsh. And excessive moisture leads to cracking of the fruit. On average, watering is sufficient once every 5 days. On hotter days, the procedure should be done more often. Less often during the rainy season. It is necessary that the ground around the daikon be moist. Dry soil will lead to negative consequences.
Throughout the growing season, care must be taken that weeds do not grow near the plant, and the soil is loose. After each moistening procedure, the soil must be weeded and loosened. When the roots appear on the surface, they begin to spud to protect them from possible damage.
Advice! A mulch layer of straw or peat will help to facilitate maintenance.
Collection and storage
Watering is stopped 2 weeks before harvesting the Minovashi daikon variety. And they moisten the soil slightly before harvesting. The root crop itself is undermined and carefully dragged by the tops. The main thing is that it does not break off. Deformed, broken, diseased plants are not subject to long-term storage. They are used first.
After drying, the soil and leaves are removed. You can store the vegetable in the refrigerator or cellar. The storage time for the Minovashi variety is up to six months.
Attention! To prevent the roots from withering, you need to monitor the moisture level.
Pest and disease control
Preventive measures will help protect vegetable crops from health problems:
- comply with the requirements for crop rotation;
- prepare seeds for planting;
- remove weeds, loosen the soil;
- timely processing of root crops from pests;
- plant marigolds next to the bed of the daikon Minovashi.
Daikon Minovashi is a late-ripening variety. Under favorable weather conditions, its weight reaches 4 kg. The root vegetable is valuable for its medicinal properties. When planted in summer, the vegetable will be stored almost until spring and will rid the body of vitamin deficiency and colds.
Petr Andreevich, 38 years old, Kaluga
I have three years of experience in growing the Minovashi daikon. I usually sow seeds in August. A vegetable grows up to 50 cm in length. As a rule, the roots are juicy, dense, and not bitter. After collecting, we clear it from the ground and send it to the cellar for storage. We never reached the spring - we eat earlier.
Alexandra Olegovna, 51 years old, Moscow region, pos. Malakhovka
Last year I tried to plant the daikon Minovashi for the first time, and nothing worked. Sowed, however, in the heat. However, I did not regret drip irrigation. There was enough moisture. The rosettes were lush, beautiful, but everything went to the arrows. It's a shame, I wanted to try the daikon grown with my own hands.
Alexandra Sergeevna, 42 years old, Krasnodar region, pos. Ilskiy
I would like to note that the process of growing the Minovashi daikon cannot be called simple. It is constantly required to loosen, water the soil. Shoot several times. And why just remove the daikon. I didn't succeed alone, I had to call my husband for help in order to dig a whole root of 60 cm. The root crop is fragile, you need to act carefully so as not to damage it.