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Soapwort is often used as a ground cover and to fill gaps in beds. How good that the plant can be easily propagated. So you have several plants in a short time.
It doesn't take long and the soapwort (Saponaria officinalis) has completely convinced its owners. It grows and thrives even without extensive maintenance measures and in locations that have so far not seemed suitable for any vegetation.
If you want to practice growing soap, it will not be difficult to raise countless offspring from an existing plant. Inexperienced hobby gardeners will also have some success. You can now find out how the soapwort can be propagated quickly and easily.
The increase by division
Soapwort quickly begins to take on stately forms and spread out in the bed. If you own such a plant, the time has come to multiply it by division. To be able to divide the plant, the soapwort is first completely removed from the ground. This gives the hobby gardener the opportunity to take a closer look at the plant, to remove withered parts of the plant or to shorten the roots.
Depending on the size of the plant and the number of pieces desired, the soapwort is now cut into appropriate segments with a spade. So that the sections have a good growth guarantee, at least two shoots should be available. The division produces equivalent and fully developed plants that can be put back into the soil immediately at a selected location.
" Tip: To protect the plant during division, you should first try to divide the root ball by hand.
The best time to multiply by division is spring or late autumn.
- Completely dig out the older rhizome
- Divide the root into different segments
- Plant sections again directly
- Water new plants well
The multiplication by rhizomes
New plants can also be grown relatively quickly and easily by multiplying the rhizomes.
" Tip: With this type of multiplication, the strong main rizoma must not be damaged. It is all about the rungs going out to the side.
For this type of propagation it is also necessary to dig out the soapwort completely. If you hold the root ball in your hand, the soil is first shaken off well so that the root system can be clearly seen. Now the hobby gardener can recognize the side sprouts and can cut them about five centimeters long. With older plants, several side shoots can be removed without hesitation. The resulting interfaces are sealed with charcoal powder before the mother plant is put back in its old place.
The root pieces are now placed in small pots filled with potting soil. The rungs should be brought back to their original position. The roots that lead from the rhizome should point downwards. The planters are set up bright and warm and kept evenly moist. If the first shoots appear, the propagation has been successful and the plants are being grown and planted in the appropriate size outdoors at the desired location.
- Dig up the plant
- Clean roots from earth
- Cut side sprouts
- Seal interfaces
- Plant the mother plant again
- Place root pieces in growing pots
- set up bright and warm
- water regularly
Propagation by cuttings
The propagation of cuttings is also known to every hobby gardener and can easily be carried out by laypersons without specialist knowledge. The cuttings are cut in spring and should be about ten centimeters long. The cuttings are placed in growing pots and regularly kept moist. A sufficient root system should have developed in autumn and the young plants can be placed outdoors.
- cut cuttings in spring
- Place the cuttings in a planter filled with soil
- Install warm and damp
- water regularly
- transplant or transplant after rooting through the planter
Propagation by seeds
Those who want to multiply the soapwort by sowing are faced with a more complicated task. The seeds cannot go straight into the soil because they are cold germs. Germination would not take place if the seeds were not exposed to a cold stimulus. This process is called stratification. After the seeds have been dried at room temperature for about a month, they are placed in the refrigerator for about six weeks, there should be about - four degrees. Only then can the cultivation that is familiar from seeds take place.
- Obtain seeds
- Dry seeds
- Cool the seeds
- Germinate the seeds
- Prick out and transplant plants
It is important not to continue cultivating the seeds immediately at room temperature after the time in the refrigerator. In order to get the seeds used to the change in temperature, they should be given a rest of about two weeks and stored there at about eight degrees.
The seeds are to be sown about 0.5 centimeters deep and only need about ten days to germinate. If the young plants are separated, a planting distance of 20 x 20 centimeters must be observed.