Planting ornamental tobacco - instructions and tips

Planting ornamental tobacco - instructions and tips

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Decorative tobacco is not only used to make tobacco. The plant is also visually an ornament for every garden. And so easy to plant.

The pretty tubular flowers, which come in a wide range of colors, provide the visual ornament. The nightshade family is extremely diverse and the ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana sanderae) alone occurs in more than 60 species worldwide. These differ in their size, flower shape and flower color. The location requirements and the procedure for planting do not differ significantly with ornamental tobacco, so that your favorite variety can be easily cultivated with the following planting instructions.

Decorative tobacco - varied and always an ornament

The decorative tobacco is the perfect companion for a wide variety of gardens. The plant is a welcome guest in borders in the ornamental garden as well as in the colorful flower beds in the cottage garden. The versatile plants can also be arranged in the flower box. In the evening, the plants exude an aromatic fragrance and thus enhance seating on the balcony and terrace. Popular bed neighbors are verbena, male loyalty or cosmea.

Popular ornamental tobacco types for beds and tubs

The species-rich plant can be planted in numerous different colors and shapes. Due to the low growth, some species are more suitable for window boxes or tubs. The higher growing species, on the other hand, make something of a background plant in the bed.

Tobacco plants can generally grow shrub-like and grow up to two meters high. Tobacco trees up to ten meters high are also not uncommon. The ornamental tobacco types remain significantly smaller. For example, the following types are particularly beautiful:

❍ ornamental tobacco mutabilis:

This type of game has a special feature because it is able to change the color of the flowers. First, the plants, which grow up to 1.5 meters high, produce white flowers. In the course of the flowering period, the flowers first appear in a delicate pink and finally change to a rich pink. The fragrance released in the evening is particularly intense.

❍ Black Knight ornamental tobacco:

This chocolate brown flowering species is a great contrast to the other ornamental tobacco species. The flowers often last until the first frosts. The first flowers appear in May. The plants do not like dry feet and can grow up to one meter high.

❍ Decorative tobacco maritime:

This type of tobacco is quite rare and originally comes from Australia. The plants prefer a sandy location. Ornamental tobacco maritima can also be cultivated well as a balcony plant in conventional potting soil. The trumpet-shaped flowers appear particularly numerous on the plant, which grows up to 70 centimeters tall. The plants are very easy to care for and impress with their rich and long-lasting bloom.

Find the right location

If you want to enjoy the flowering of the tobacco for as long as possible, choose a sunny location. The plants also thrive in partial shade, albeit to the detriment of their abundance of flowers. In a shady location, the plant, which comes from South America, would not feel comfortable and you would probably have to do without flowering.

The ideal location in brief:

  • bright
  • sunny
  • warm

Select the right substrate

The floor should be loose and permeable. Decorative tobacco does not like to be dry, but also does not tolerate waterlogging. So you have to be sensitive. To improve the permeability of heavy soils, you can add coarse sand or gravel to the substrate. So that the moisture is not lost so quickly and the soil does not dry out once you have missed watering, you can take advantage of the water-storing properties of compost or manure. Compost also has the advantage that it improves poor soil and gives the plant valuable nutrients over a longer period of time.

The ideal substrate in brief:

  • relaxed
  • permeable
  • moisture-retentive
  • nutritious
  • damp

Planting ornamental tobacco - step by step instructions

You can start planting the decorative tobacco as soon as no more frosts are to be expected. So it makes sense to wait until after the ice saints in mid-May. Then do the following:

❶ Loosen, clean and work up the floor:
Depending on the soil quality, you must loosen it well, remove weeds and stones and mix it with sand, manure or compost. Ultimately, the substrate must have good storage properties.

Beachten Note planting distances:
If ornamental tobacco is to be planted in the group, you must maintain a planting distance of at least 30 centimeters. You should not use more than nine plants per square meter.

❸ Use plants:
Now dig out sufficiently large planting holes, insert the plants and close the planting holes again. Then press the soil and water the plants well.

Keep decorative tobacco in a bucket

If the plants are to be cultivated in a flower box or planter, you have to make the substrate particularly nutritious. There is also an increased risk of waterlogging in the bucket. It is therefore advisable to incorporate a drainage made of clay granulate or gravel into the bottom of the vessel. So that the liquid can also be stored at the same time, you should add compost to the substrate. Also make sure that the planter has enough drainage holes.

Container plants should receive a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants (e.g. available from Amazon) after planting so that the flowers develop quite abundantly. Since these are annual plants, winter protection of the container plants is not an issue. You just have to remove the ornamental tobacco from the tub before the frost and plant it again next year.